What is Malaria: Causes, Symptoms, Prevention & Treatment

Malaria is a serious disease that may lead to death.

Malaria is very common throughout the world. It is now mainly confined to tropical and subtropical regions of Central and South America, sub-Saharan Africa, Southeast Asia, the Indian subcontinent, the Middle East, and Oceania.

Malaria is caused by a parasite called Plasmodium, which is transmitted via the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes, which feed on human blood. In the human body, the parasites invade the cells and multiply in the liver.

Symptoms of malaria include:

  • Fever,
  • Shivering,
  • Joint pain,
  • Vomiting,
  • Headache,
  • Fatigue,
  • Sweats,
  • Anemia,
  • Hemoglobinuria,
  • Convulsions.

Symptoms may appear in cycles that recur every 1, 2, or 3 days.

The malaria incubation period ranges from 7 to 30 days

Mosquitoes can bite any time, even through thin clothing. To prevent mosquito bites, follow these guidelines:

  • Wear protective clothing;
  • Use insect repellent with DEET (N,N-diethyl-meta-toluamide);
  • Use mosquito nets and bedclothes.

In addition, it is suggested to take prophylactic drugs before, during, and after your travel to an area where malaria is endemic.

Unfortunately, there is currently no vaccine that will prevent malaria.

In case of appearance of signs and symptoms of infection, immediate hospitalization is required.

Malaria is especially dangerous to pregnant women and small children.

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Comments

  1. Health Online
    April 11th, 2008| 9:12 am

    A very informative review, giving full knowledge about malaria.After reading the review at least i have gained enough knowledge about malaria along with measures to cure it.thanks.

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