Causes of Split Ends & Prevention Tips

Generally, split ends in the hair or Trichoptilosis are common for dry hair.

Split ends occur when the protective layer of the hair, or cuticle, becomes damaged. It is usually caused by frequent washing, excessive dying, vigorous brushing, overuse of chemicals. All these weaken the hair, strip away the cuticle, and make the middle layer, or cortex, unprotected, and, consequently, lead to split ends and hair breakage.

Unfortunately, it is impossible to mend broken hair. The only way to get rid of split ends is to cut them off.

However, there are several tips on how to prevent your hair from Trichoptilosis.

How to Prevent Split Ends

  • Do not wash your hair more that 2-3 times a week, as shampoo dries your hair out.
  • Never brush wet hair. Hair is more vulnerable to splitting when it is wet.
  • Instead of a round brush, use a flat paddle brush with wide tooth for everyday styling.
  • If you have dry hair, apply a leave-in conditioner.
  • Try to avoid hair dryers, straightening irons, hot curlers, etc. If it is impossible, prepare your hair with a heat-activated product designed to protect your hair from styling damage.
  • Make your hair trimmed every 4-6 weeks to remove damaged ends.
  • Never trim your hair with dull scissors. It may cause more splits and damage healthy hair.
  • Wear a hat to protect your hair from the sun damage.

And finally, remember that dry hair is fragile hair!


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